REVIEW OF TINKHUNDLA BOUNDARIES
According to the Constitution Section 91 –
(1) During the fourth year of Parliament, the Elections and Boundaries Commission shall review the number and boundaries if Tinkhundla (constituencies) into which Swaziland is divided and submit to the King a report with recommendations to change or retain the existing position.
(2) The report under this section shall be made at least nine months before dissolution of Parliament in terms of section 134 (2)
(3) The boundaries of each Inkhundla shall be such that the number of inhabitants of an Inkhundla is as nearly equal to the population quota as is reasonably practicable having regard to the terrain, the means of communication (transport) within that Inkhundla and any other relevant community interest.
(4) The boundaries of an Inkhundla shall not extend over more than one Region.
(5) In this section “population quota” means the number obtained by dividing the number of inhabitants of the Region (as ascertained by reference to the latest national population census) by the number of Tinkhundla into the Region is to be divided under section 80.
Consideration for delimitation
When demarcating boundaries, the following will be taken into consideration:
- The number of inhabitants in the constituency. The number of inhabitants shall be nearly equal to the population quota as is reasonably practical.
- Geographical features such as rivers, mountains, settlement patterns, etc.
- Integration of rural and urban areas.
- Community interests, historical, economic and cultural ties.
- Means of communication (accessibility in terms of transport and communication)
- The boundary of an Inkhundla shall not extend over more than one Region.
REPORT OF THE ELECTIONS AND BOUNDARIES COMMISSION
According to the Constitution Section 92 –
(1) The Commission shall as soon as practicable after every election produce and submit a report on that election to the minister responsible for the elections, stating-
(a) The general conduct of the elections and the number of voters who participated;
(b) Any irregularities or abnormalities observed;
(c) Whether any nomination or the election was disputed and with what result;
(d) Any observed or remarkable peculiarities;
(e) Recommendations, if any.
(2) The report of the Commission in terms of section 91 shall state, among other things, whether-
(a) Any alteration is necessary to the boundaries of any Inkhundla;
(b) Any one additional Inkhundla or more should be established; or
(c) Any Inkhundla should be abolished or merged with any other.
(3) The report of the Commission under section 91 shall also contain the proposed boundaries of the affected Inkhundla or Tinkhundla.
(4) The King shall as soon as practicable after the submission of the report of the Commission as and in any event not later than six months before the dissolution Parliament in terms of section 134 (2), by proclamation in the Gazette declare the boundaries of an Inkhundla or Tinkhundla as delimited by the Commission to be effective at the dissolution of Parliament or so soon thereafter as may be convenient for the next general elections.